Ginseng Information

Origin

인삼정보

고려인삼에 대한 모든 것
◉ Origin 

Korean ginseng, a medicinal herb, naturally exists in only three regions: "Korea"(33.7-43.1), "Manchuria"(43-47), and the Littoral province of Siberia.

The Korean peninsula is the best place to grow ginseng, because ginseng has stringent requirements for the plant's growth, and Korea has the ideal temperature zone, plenty of rain in the summer, proper coldness in the winter, etc.

The value of Korean ginseng has been known in the world since the 4th century B. C. Books written in this era documented ginseng as emergent medicine and tonic for long-life. Ginseng was first mentioned as a tonic as early as 48-33 B. C. in Interpretation of Creatures written by You Shi of ancient China.

Moreover, Shen Nung Pen-Ts'ao-ching, the worlds oldest extant Chinese medicinal book, described the quality and production area of ginseng, medicinal effects of ginseng, and showed that high quality ginseng mainly came from the Korean kingdom of Kokuryo.

Russian botanist C. A. Meyer named it panax ginseng in 1843. The genus name, panax means cure all in Greek( pan meaning all, Axos meaning heal ), therefore, true ginseng means Korean ginseng.

◉ 인삼의 역사
시기
고서
내용
BC 48-33
급취장
인삼기록 처음 등장
196-220
상한론
백제 무령왕12년 양무제에게 인삼선물
451
명의별록
인삼을 상약으로 분류
483-496
신농본초경
인삼을 상약으로 분류 방약합편, 동의보감 등에 처방된 600여개 기록
◉ 인삼의 역사
시기
고서
내용
1080년
고려순종
홍삼제조법 개발 보급
정조21년
정조실록
홍삼이라는 이름이 첫 등장
순조21년
순조실록
홍삼을 개경에서 산출
1907년
-
전매법 발효
1996년
-
전매법 폐지
◉ Naming 

‘That traditional name of ginseng is "Shim" 

The etymology and date are not known, but "Shim" was written in many medicinal books of the the 'Joseon Dynasty,'and it is still used among pickers of wild ginseng.

Korean ginseng seems to be named after its physical resemblance of people in far-east Asia. The Chinese character gin means men, and seng represents the genus name Panax. There are six to seven species in plants in the genus Panax, but only three of them are cultivated economically and distributed as a product in the world.

Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer, the Korea ginseng species, is cultivated and distributed in Far Eastern Asia, including Korea and China. Panax quinquefolium L., an America ginseng, is cultivated in America and Canada. Panax notoginseng(Burk) F.H. Chen (Sanchi), is produced in Southern China, geographically. Korean ginseng is different from the species of American ginseng and Sanchi.

In general, the Korean ginseng is called ginseng with use of the letter 'gin',and only refers to Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer.

고려인삼종 (Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer)

지리적으로 한국을 비롯한 중국 등 아시아 극동지역에 분포


화기삼 (Panax quinque folium L)

미국 및 캐나다 지역에 분포


전칠삼 (Panax notoginseng F.H. Chen)

중국남부의 운남성, 광서성지역에 분포

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KG Lab Co., Ltd. 

CEO _Ok-Hee, Roh

Location_Gyeonggang-ro 3275, Yongmun-myeon, Yangpyeong-gun, Gyeonggi-do, Republic of Korea
Tel_031-774-3417   Fax_031-774-4209

Business Registration Number_132-81-21183

COPYRIGHT (C) 2008-2020 KG Lab Co., Ltd ALL RIGHTS RESERVED